Translation Studies Concentration
Translation is the oldest method used in teaching foreign languages. Other new pedagogies have sometimes supplanted it, but it remains at the heart of language teaching, often at the most advanced levels of mastery when nuance, context and the specificity of a language and culture can only be suggested through the trials, errors and impossibility of translation. Today, the difficulties of translating may seem solvable with technological tools, yet a successful translation is more than a mechanical transfer of meaning from one language to another, no matter how advanced the technology. Context, history, culture, ethical considerations, logic, rhetoric and politics all need to be considered and taken into account. Translation is that space where language, culture, history, politics and incommensurable difference all collide and sometimes cohere to make sense. At a time of intensive globalization, when cultures and languages seek common understanding, one could argue that it is an indispensable discipline.
Translation in the Hispanic and Lusophone World
Translation in the Hispanic and Lusophone World explores the fundamental role of translation and translators in the construction of cultures and identities in the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking worlds, including Iberia, Latin America, Africa and the United States.
The requirements for the concentration are deliberately flexible to allow you to pursue the translation practice that most suits your interests or needs—from literary to technical translation to the ethical complexities that arise in interpretation.
You can count no more than three of the academic courses for both the concentration and your major. These courses may be taken within the Five Colleges or while abroad. In addition to the required courses below, you must demonstrate an achievement (300 or above level) in the foreign language from which you translate.
CLT 150: The Art of Translation (2 credits, S/U, offered every spring semester)
- One course with a focus on translation theory, translation or practice (4 credits)
- Two courses in the language/literature/culture of the foreign language (8 credits)*
- One elective in translation studies, linguistics, the foreign language or one elective that focuses on problems of language (4 credits)
*Students whose native language is not English may take courses in English language/literature/culture to satisfy this requirement.
TSX 330/CLT 330: Translation Across Borders
The capstone seminar brings together a cohort of concentrators to discuss the final translation project that each student undertakes with the guidance of their mentor in the concentration and to situate the project within the framework of larger questions that the work of translation elicits. The seminar readings will focus on renowned practitioners' reflections on the difficulties and complexities of translating, the obstacles, discoveries and solutions that the translator encounters. We will read a series of essays that engage with the conflicting interpretations and nuances of translations in 14 languages of Ferdinand Oyonos' iconic 1956 African novel, Une vie de boy. We will compare how these translations transform the original novel and question the concept of original text as it interacts with the culture and the language into which it is translated. As part of the capstone seminar, and in consultation with your faculty mentor, you will work on a final translation project (10 pages minimum, depending on the type of translation) with a substantial introduction that reflects on the obstacles, difficulties and successes of the task of translation.
In some cases, an honors thesis that either is a translation or reflects on translation, can be substituted for the capstone translation project.
Two practical experiences are required:
- A minimum of one semester, or equivalent, studying abroad in the foreign language and culture. International students may count their study at Smith as study abroad.
- An internship or independent research project that focuses on translation/interpretation or cross-cultural issues and that engages the foreign language in a significant way and meets the practical experience requirements.
You will complete two different practical experiences to fulfill the requirements for the concentration. Each internship, volunteer or work experience must meet the following minimum requirements:
- Consist of 100 hours of work—roughly equivalent to a semester-long campus commitment or a 2.5-week full-time internship. (In some situations, a work experience may be concomitant with academic study that bears credit. The work component should be distinct and, on its own, satisfy the 100-hour minimum.)
- Focus on substantive, content-based work.
- Occur after your arrival at Smith.
- Be approved by your concentration adviser.
Note: If Praxis funding is used to support the experience, there may be requirements in addition to those outlined here.
To receive credit for your practical experience, you must:
- Receive preapproval from your concentration adviser using the Practical Experience Approval Form. (If you already completed a practical experience before entering the Translation Studies Concentration, you may be eligible to receive credit for one experience. Instructions on retroactive practicum experiences are below).
- Have your practicum supervisor complete the Supervisor Evaluation Form. Then meet with your concentration adviser to discuss your experience and sign the form.
- Participate in the Concentration Reflection Program (dinners, meetings, retreats, etc.) during both your junior and senior years.
Retroactive Approval for Practical Experiences
With your adviser's approval, a practical experience completed before entering the Translation Studies Concentration may be accepted provided that it consisted of at least 100 hours and took place after your senior year of high school and within two years of matriculating at Smith. Please consult your concentration adviser, and then document your experience by completing the Practical Experience Approval Form retroactively with your concentration adviser.
A deadline for submitting this paperwork to Sara Lark will be communicated to you after you have been accepted into the concentration.
Financial support for internships or practical experiences may be available through the Office for International Study's International Experience Grants, Blumberg Traveling Fellowships and the Anita Volz Wien '62 Global Scholars Fund.
The Lazarus Center for Career Development offers Praxis stipends for unpaid summer internships.
A number of other grants for specific regions may also be available for students studying or interning abroad or in immigrant communities in the United States.
The E-Portfolio will include:
- two detailed language self-assessments
- reflections on your language-learning
- a reflection on how your practical experiences have deepened your understanding of the language and culture you are studying
- a shortened version of the introduction to your final translation project
- a video of your presentation during Collaborations
- any other relevant written, audio, and video materials
To view examples of past student portfolios please follow this link. This link will only work for current Smith students, click on "Login with Sibboleth" and enter your Smith username and password.
In consultation with your adviser, you must spend a semester, or the equivalent, studying abroad in the foreign language and culture of your focus. Studying at Smith College may qualify as a study abroad experience for international students.
See the Office for International Study for some possible options.
The following is a sample of possible courses, which should be chosen in consultation with your concentration adviser. Not all of these courses are offered each year. Consult the current course catalogs to check availability.
ANT 352 Seminar in Anthropology: Politics of Language
CLS 260 Transformations of a Text: Shape-Shifting and Translation
WLT 204 Queering Don Quixote
WLT 177 Journeys in World Literatures: Dwelling Poetically
WLT 177/SPP 177 Naughty Fictional Translators: Don Quijote to Borges
WLT 271 Writing in Translation: Bilingualism in the Postcolonial Novel
WLT 272/ENG 171 Composing a Self: Chinese and English Voices
WLT 300 Literary Theory and Literary Practice: Conflicts and Consensus
ENG 135 Introduction to Writing Creative Nonfiction Chinese-English Literary and Cultural Translation
FYS 174 Merging and Converging Cultures: What is Gained and Lost in Translation
IDP/SPN 291 Digital Storytelling
ITL/SPN/POR/FRN 299 Teaching Romance Languages: Theories and Techniques on Second Language Acquisition
ITL 340: Theory and Practice of Translation
EUST 303 and ENGL320 Literature as Translation
FREN 326 Writing Under the Influence: Italy and the Literature of Renaissance France
CS-0211-1 Language, Space and the Absurd
Mount Holyoke College
ANTHR-230 Language in Culture and Society
FREN-361 TR1 Atelier de Trade
ROMLG-375 cross listed as SPAN-360, ITAL-361, FREN-321 Romance Languages Translate
SPAN-360BL Studies in Language and Society: An Introduction: Being Bilingual
University of Massachusetts Amherst
COMP-LIT 130 Translation Matters
COMP-LIT 330 Translation, Cross-Cultural Communication and the Media
COMP-LIT 551 Translation and Technology
COMP-LIT 481/681 Interpreting and Translation - Research and Practice I
COMP-LIT 482/682 Interpreting and Translation - Research and Practice II
(Civic Engagement and Service Learning designated course)
COMP-LIT 691RS Race, Gender, and Sexuality in Translation
COMP-LIT 691Q Translation Workshop
COMP-LIT 751 Translation Theory
FRENCH 397M: French for the Medical Professions
JAPANESE 597C: Problems and Methods of Translation
PORT 357 Translating and Interpreting for Portuguese-Speaking Communities
PORTUG 456: 20th Century Brazilian Literature: Belonging (or not) in Translation
PORTUG 397ST and SPANISH 397 PM ST Multiple Linguistic Worlds: Multilingualism & Translation in Spanish & Portuguese Writings
SPANISH 350 Translation Today: Spanish-English
SPAN 497TC: Spanish Translation for Community Health Services
SPANISH 597CP Special Topics: Practicing Literary Translation: Catalan, Portuguese, Spanish
Graduate courses in the translation program for qualified students
Consult individual language and culture departments in the Five Colleges for course listings. Almost all intermediate and advanced courses taught in the target language and focusing on literature or culture can count toward the concentration.
CLS 150 Roots Greek and Latin Elements in English (2 credits)
EDC 212 Linguistics for Educators
ENG 170 The History of the English Language
ENG 207 The Technology of Reading and Writing
PHI/PSY 213 Colloquium: Language Acquisition
PHI 236 Linguistic Structures
PHI 262 Meaning and Truth: The Semantics of Natural Language
PSY 313 Seminar in Psycholinguistics: Language and Thought
PSYCH-339LG Seminar in Developmental Psychology: Language and Literacy Development in Early Childhood
PSYCH-349LT Seminar in Perception and Cognition: Language and Thought
University of Massachusetts Amherst
LINGUIST 101 People and their Language
LINGUIST 150 Language Through Time
LINGUIST 190A Language Acquisition and Human Nature
LINGUIST 201 How Language Works: Introduction to Linguistic Theory
LINGUIST 397LH Special Topics - Language Acquisition
LINGUIST 411 Introduction to Language Acquisition
SPANISH 697 A ST Second Language Acquisition and Linguistic Theory
Online courses offered at UMass [Smith may not accept credits for these courses, but they may still be of interest and use.]
LLC 401 Introduction to Translation
LLC402 Fundamentals of Interpreting
LLC501 Translation and Interpretation: Ethics and Standards
- Certificate in Applied Literary Translation, University of Illinois
- Master of Arts in Language, Literature, and Translation, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
- Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
- Université de Genève, Faculté de Traduction et d'Interprétation
Declaration of Concentration
Students who have been accepted into the concentration and received their adviser’s name need to fill out the
Program of Study Declaration Form.
This is the last step in making the concentration official in Workday.
Practical Experience Forms
After discussing the proposed practical experience with their advisers, students need to fill out the corresponding practical experience approval form in order to have the experience count towards the concentration requirements:
- Summer Internship (100 hours or more)—Internship Credit Application
All students undertaking a summer internship of at least 100 hours are eligible to receive academic credit (0.25 credits per experience) that will appear on their transcript. We encourage all students who qualify to apply for internship credit. Students applying for Praxis funding don’t need to fill out this form, and should instead use the “Praxis with Credit” form below.
- Unpaid Summer Internship (220 hours or more)—Praxis with Credit Application
All Smith students are eligible to receive a stipend payment for one normally unpaid internship through the Praxis program at the Lazarus Center. These internships must take place during the summer, and must comprise at least 220 working hours. Students in Concentrations are eligible to apply for Praxis a second time– Praxis Plus. When applying for a Praxis internship, the applicant must specify if the internship counts towards a concentration and should fill out the “Praxis with Credit” application.
- Other Internships and Practical Experiences
Students whose internships do not meet the above requirements because they take place during Interterm, during the school year, or for any other reason, should fill out the following forms.
Prior to starting the internship please fill out the Practical Experience Approval Form.
Upon completion of the practical experience please fill out the Practical Experience Completion Form.
- Retroactive Credit for an Experience
Students who completed a practical experience relevant to the concentration prior to being accepted into the cohort should discuss the experience with their concentration adviser as soon as possible. Once the experience is approved, students must fill out the Practical Experience Completion Form and check the “Retroactive Experience” box on the form.
Advising Checklist for Graduation
Students are required to submit a completed Concentration Advising Checklist at the start of their final semester. This form documents the completed components of the concentration requirements, and must be signed by the student’s concentration adviser. Completed form should be sent to the registrar’s office (email@example.com) and to the administrative coordinator for concentrations (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The next application deadline is October 14, 2022.
Students who miss the fall deadline should be in touch with the Director of Translation Studies.
Applications will be reviewed by the Advisory Committee to determine the feasibility of the proposed course of study in the Translation Concentration along with the your intended or declared major. Accepted students will be assigned to an adviser who will oversee your progress through the program and approve internships.
To complete the registration for the concentration, you need to fill out the Declaration of Concentration form from the Office of the Registrar and have it signed by the director of the Translation Studies Concentration.