The Department of Biological Sciences treats the life sciences in all their breadth and diversity, including the study of molecules, cells, whole organisms, ecosystems, plants, animals and microorganisms. The requirements for the major in the biological sciences provide both a solid foundation in biology and opportunities to pursue special interests.
The major embraces three broad core areas: cells, physiology and development; genetics, molecular biology and evolution; and biodiversity, ecology and conservation. All majors are strongly encouraged to pursue collaborative research with any of the department’s faculty members who work in areas as diverse as bacterial pathogenesis, ecological impacts of invasive marine organisms, ecology of coral reefs, regulation of photosynthesis, ciliate evolution, muscle biochemistry, mammalian reproductive ecology and the molecular biology of human parasites.
The biological sciences form the foundation of a number of academic disciplines at Smith, including biology, biochemistry, neuroscience, landscape studies and environmental science and policy. The major in biological sciences itself spans organisms from bacteria through plants and animals, levels of organization from molecules and cells through ecosystems, and modern research methods in both the laboratory and the field.
Students in biological sciences master fundamental concepts in introductory courses with associated laboratories or fieldwork. In those courses, students conduct research projects, an emphasis on research that recurs in the upper-level courses that follow. As they choose those courses, they select a track to focus their learning in specific areas (cells, physiology and development; genetics, evolution and molecular biology; biodiversity, ecology and conservation) or instead choose a broad integrative approach that can include an option to prepare to teach at the secondary-school level.
Learning Objectives for the Biological Sciences
- Broad knowledge of the field of biology and its foundational concepts
- Deeper knowledge, fluency and ability to creatively engage in a subdiscipline of biology
- Use of interdisciplinary fields to support an enhanced understanding of the life sciences
- Critical thinking and rigorous evaluation of primary scientific research
- Evaluation and understanding of one’s own learning process
- Demonstrated ability using the scientific method, empirical approaches and the generation of original knowledge
- Competency in employing standard quantitative and statistical approaches to organize, analyze and interpret scientific data
- Effective communication of scientific information to academic and general audiences
Ethical Conduct and Civic Engagement
- An understanding of science and research ethical considerations
- Building identity and confidence within the field of the life sciences
- Understanding and participation in public and stakeholder concerns related to science policy with evidence based approaches
With a rich array of courses and access to extensive research resources, students in biological sciences graduate with the knowledge and experience they need to begin careers in research, academia, the health professions, the biotech and pharmaceutical industries, conservation, wildlife management, secondary education and many other endeavors.
The major in biological sciences includes a set of five fundamental courses (biodiversity ecology and conservation, cell and molecular biology, genetics or evolution, chemistry, and statistics) plus courses within one of the five tracks listed below. Biological sciences majors can select courses that prepare them for professional training in medical, dental and veterinary schools; for graduate programs in the various biological disciplines; for high school teaching; and for employment in research labs, pharmaceutical companies and government agencies.
Track 1: Integrative Biology
Track 2: Cells, Physiology, and Development
Track 3: Genetics, Evolution, and Molecular Biosciences
Track 4: Biodiversity, Ecology and Conservation
Track 5: Biology and Education
Specific details about which courses are included for each track can be found below in the Course Offerings tab.
Students should choose their advisers, according to their interests, from the department faculty.
Prospective majors should consult with biology faculty in choosing their courses.
Study Abroad Adviser: Each student should consult their major adviser for any necessary study abroad information and signatures.
Advanced Placement Credit
Students receiving advanced placement on their Smith College transcript for biology (e.g. AP, International Baccalaureate, A Levels) may substitute 200-/300-level courses, one in each of the respective tracks, for the equivalent core courses. Two of these courses must be taken with labs. A total of 12 courses is still required for completion of the major.
The requirements for the minor in biological sciences comprise six courses chosen in consultation with an adviser. These courses usually include at least one core course and must include one 300-level course. At least one laboratory course is required; one-credit or two-credit laboratories do not count as separate courses toward the minimum of six required courses. No more than one course designed primarily for non-majors may be included. One course from another department or program may be included provided that course is related to a student’s particular interest in biology and is chosen in consultation with her adviser.
Members of the department also serve as advisers for the minor. Students should choose their advisers, according to their interests, from the department faculty.
Full-year course; offered each year
Full-year course; offered each year
- GPA of 3.3 for courses in the major taken (including courses in the major taken at other institutions)
- A thesis proposal (500 to 1000 words) must be approved by the thesis adviser and the members of the department prior to the college deadlines for submission of honors applications.
- Requirements for the major
- 8 or 12 thesis credits in the senior year, involving an individual investigation, an oral presentation and a written thesis.
The thesis is graded by two to three readers: the thesis adviser, a faculty member in biology and optionally a third faculty member outside the department.
The final honors determination is based on:
- Overall GPA (twenty percent)*
- Final oral presentation (twenty percent)
- Quality of the thesis (sixty percent)
*The thesis course (430D or 432D) receives a grade which is calculated in the overall GPA.
Smith’s online course search includes course listings (description, instructor and offered terms), department data, information on majors and minors, honors programs and cross-listed and interdepartmental courses. A search function allows you to find courses by course number, department, keywords in the title, term offered, number of credits, fields of knowledge and professor.
The Five College Consortium increases your choices. Four liberal arts colleges—Smith, Amherst, Hampshire and Mount Holyoke—along with the University of Massachusetts, offer joint courses of study as well as certificate programs in interdisciplinary fields. Courses are available at no extra cost to Smith students.
- Wumei Blanche ’22
- Cody Bloomfield ’21
- Alana Brown ’21
- Quinton Celuzza ’21
- Jailene Gonzalez ’22
- Shay Iyer ’23
- Diamond Lewis ’22
- Tianettie McKee ’21
- Janeth Mora-Martinez ’21
- Pratima Niroula ’23
- Habso Omane ’22
- Sam Waniewski ’23
- Aminah Williams ’21
Master’s in Biological Sciences
The Department of Biological Sciences maintains an active graduate program leading to the master of science degree in biological sciences, emphasizing independent research supported by advanced course work.