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Engineering Electives

Probable Engineering Electives

EGR 312 Seminar: Atmospheric Processes

(Formerly Thermochemical Processes in the Atmosphere.) The atmosphere is among the most critically important parts of our environment. Atmospheric processes control our weather and climate, provide the nutrients for nearly all life on earth, and determine the quality of the air we breathe. This course explores key topics including atmospheric circulation, global warming, stratospheric ozone depletion, and urban air pollution. How does ground-level ozone form and why is it harmful to people and agriculture? What are high pressure systems and why are they associated with fair weather? How do clouds form and what impact do they have on our climate? What instruments are being used to measure the properties of the atmosphere and how do these instruments work? This course is recommended for anyone with a solid grounding in math and science and will be of interest to all students who want a better understanding of the environment. Prerequisites: CHM 111, EGR 110 (formerly 260), and EGR 374 (corequisite) or permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 12. 4 credits.

EGR 315 Seminar: Ecohydrology

This course focuses on the measurement and modeling of hydrologic processes and their interplay with ecosystems. Material includes the statistical and mathematical representation of infiltration, evapotranspiration, plant uptake, and runoff over a range of scales (plot to watershed). The course will address characterization of the temporal and spatial variability of environmental parameters and representation of the processes. The course includes a laboratory component and introduces students to the Pioneer Valley, the cloud forests of Costa Rica, African savannas, and the Florida Everglades. Prerequisites: MTH 112 and MTH 220. Enrollment limited to 12. 4 credits.

EGR 320 Signals and Systems

The concepts of linear system theory (e.g., Signals and Systems) are fundamental to all areas of engineering, including the transmission of radio signals, signal processing techniques (e.g., medical imaging, speech recognition, etc.), and the design of feedback systems (e.g., in automobiles, power plants, etc.). This course will introduce the basic concepts of linear system theory, including convolution, continuous and discrete time Fourier analysis, Laplace and Z transforms, sampling, stability, feedback, control, and modulation. Examples will be utilized from electrical, mechanical, biomedical, environmental and chemical engineering. Required concurrent laboratory. Prerequisites: EGR 220 and PHY 210. Enrollment limited to 20. {M}Credits: 4

EGR 322 Seminar: Acoustics

Acoustics describes sound transmission through solids and fluids; the focus of this course is sound transmission through air. This course provides an overview of the fundamentals of acoustics, including derivation of the acoustic wave equation, the study of sound wave propagation (plane and spherical waves), the study of sound transmission through pipes, waveguides, and resonators impedance analogies, an overview of the acoustics related to the human auditory system and an introduction to room acoustics. The course includes several short hands-on experiments to help understand the relevant concepts. Prerequisite EGR 220. Enrollment limited to 12. {M}{N}Credits: 4

EGR 325 Seminar: Electric Power Systems

Wind and solar energy? Power generation from coal and nuclear fuel? What are our options for maintaining the high standard of living we expect, and also for electrifying developing regions? How can we make our energy use less damaging to our environment? This seminar introduces students to the field of electric power, from fuel sources, energy conversion technologies (renewable, hydro, nuclear and fossil), electricity transmission and ultimate end-use. Topics include analysis and simulation of power systems, discussions of emerging smart grid technologies, as well as policy, environmental and societal aspects of energy use. A short project allows students to select and explore individual technologies or a small power system in more depth. Prerequisite EGR 220. Enrollment limited to 12. {N}Credits: 4

EGR 326 Dynamic Systems & Introduction to Control Theory

Dynamic systems are systems that evolve with time. They occur all around us, throughout nature and the built environment. Understanding dynamic systems leads to the ability to control them, so they behave according to the engineer's design. This course introduces students to both linear dynamic system and modern control theories, so that students will be able to design and control simple dynamic systems. Through design projects, students gain practical experience in designing a simple controller for a dynamic system. Prerequisites: EGR 220; CSC 111; basic linear algebra from courses such as PHY 210 or MTH 211.Enrollment limited to 20. {N}Credits: 4

EGR 328 Seminar: Wireless Sensor Networks

Our world is being transformed by networked communications and pervasive data gathering. Underlying this transformation are three major technologies: computer networks, wireless communications and sensors. This course will introduce students to the theory and implementation of these technologies, including the use of basic sensors, microprocessors, and wireless transmitters. Students will analyze privacy and security concerns of these technologies, as well as their social, political and economic benefits. Students will participate in designing and implementing a small wireless sensor network on Smith Campus, using this test bed as the means to gain a deeper understanding of the technologies and the issues they raise. Prerequisites: EGR 220; CSC 111, or permission of instructor. Enrollment limited to 12.{N}Credits: 4

EGR 340 Seminar: Geotechnical Engineering

What is quicksand and can you really drown in it? Why is Venice sinking? In this seminar students will be introduced to the engineering behavior of soil within the context of a variety of real-world applications that include constructing dams, roads and buildings; protecting structures from earthquake and settlement damage; and preventing groundwater contamination. Topics to be covered include soil classification, permeability and seepage, volume changes, effective stress, strength and compaction. We will use a variety of approaches to learning including discussion, hands-on activities, labs, projects, field trips and in-depth explorations of topics chosen by the students. Prerequisite: EGR 270 or GEO 241 or permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 12.{N}Credits: 4

EGR 346 Hydrosystems Engineering

Through systems analysis and design projects, this course introduces students to the field of water resources engineering. Topics include data collection and analysis, decision-making under uncertainty, the hydrologic cycle, hydropower, irrigation, flood control, water supply, engineering economics, and water law. Prerequisites: EGR 374 or permission of the instructor. Enrollment limited to 20. Credits: 4

EGR 350 Seminar: Engineering and Cancer

The understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of human disease all increasingly rely on contributions from engineering. In this course, we will study some of the ways in which engineering is contributing to the study and clinical management of cancer. Students will gain an understanding of the molecular, cellular, and genetic basis of cancer, and use that perspective to consider ways that engineering approaches have been and can be used to study and treat cancer. Prerequisites: EGR 220 or 270 or 290, BIO 150 or 152,or permission of instructor. Enrollment limited to 12.{N}Credits: 4

EGR 351 Seminar: Introduction to Biomedical Engineering

There are countless challenges in medicine that engineering can help to address, from the molecular scale to the level of the entire human body. This course will introduce students to engineering problem solving approaches to explore important biomedical questions. We will integrate our learning of underlying biological systems with developing engineering thinking to examine those systems. We will use mathematical tools to interpret and model the behavior of various biological phenomena. Upon completion of this course, students will be able to identify open medical needs and propose ways in which engineering can contribute to understanding and meeting those needs. Prerequisites: PHY210 or permission of instructor. Enrollment limited to 12. Credits: 4

EGR 360 Advanced Thermodynamics

Significant challenges underlie our ability to effectively harness, convert and distribute energy. This course builds on a fundamental knowledge of thermodynamics to understand the operating principles behind, and characterize the limits of, energy generation and conversion technologies. Methods of power generation are examined, including combustion engines, nuclear reactors and hydrogen fuel cells. Topics covered in this course include: exergy, advanced cycle analysis, ideal gas mixtures, thermodynamic relations and energy analysis of reacting systems. Prerequisites: CHM 111, EGR 290 and MTH 212. Enrollment limit of 12.{N} Credits: 4

EGR 363 Mass and Heat Transfer

This upper-level course introduces the processes and accompanying mathematical representations that govern the transport of heat and mass, including advection, dispersion, adsorption, conduction, convection, and radiation. Applications include environmental transport and mixing, cooling and heat exchange, and separation processes. Prerequisites: EGR 110, EGR 290, and EGR 374, or permission of instructor. Enrollment limit of 20. Credits: 4

EGR 372 Seminar: Advanced Solid Mechanics and Failure Analysis

Building on the fundamentals of solid mechanics and materials science introduced in EGR 375, this seminar provides students with an advanced development of techniques in failure analysis, including static failure theories, fatigue life prediction, and linear elastic fracture mechanics. These techniques are used in many aspects of mechanical design and the evaluation of structural integrity. Prerequisites: EGR 375 or equivalent. Enrollment limit of 12.{N}Credits: 4

EGR 373 Seminar: Skeletal Biomechanics

Knowledge of the mechanical and material behavior of the skeletal system is important for understanding how the human body functions, and how the biomechanical integrity of the tissues comprising the skeletal system are established during development, maintained during adulthood, and restored following injury. This seminar will provide a rigorous approach to examining the mechanical behavior of the skeletal tissues, including bone, tendon, ligament, and cartilage. Engineering, basic science, and clinical perspectives will be integrated to study applications in the field of Orthopaedic Biomechanics. Enrollment limited to 12. Prerequisites: EGR 375 and BIO 150 or 152, or permission of the instructor.{N}Credits: 4

EGR 375 Strength of Materials

This course introduces students to the fundamentals of mechanics of materials from a static failure analysis framework. Structural behavior will be analyzed, along with the material and geometric contributions to this behavior. Lecture topics will be complemented with hands-on project work designed to help students make connections between the theoretical and experimental behavior of materials. Prerequisite: EGR 270.  {N}Credits: 4

EGR 377 Seminar: Aerial Vehicle Design

Remotely piloted and autonomous aircraft are increasingly begin used in scientific research, agriculture, disaster mitigation, and national defense. These small and efficient aircraft offer major environmental benefits while, at the same time, raise complex ethical and policy issues. This course introduces the rapidly growing field of aerial vehicle design and low-Reynolds number aerodynamics through a major project in which students will design, fabricate, and test a remotely piloted aircraft. Prerequisites: EGR 374, CSC 111, and either EGR 220 or CSC 270. Enrollment limited to 12. Credits: 4

EGR 388 Seminar: Photovoltaic and Fuel Cell System Design

This seminar applies fundamental principles of thermodynamics, electrochemistry and semi-conductor physics to the design, modeling, and analysis of renewable energy power systems. Concepts to be covered in this course include extraterrestrial radiation, solar geometry, atmospheric effects, polarization curve characteristics, system components and configurations, stand-alone and hybrid system design, and load interactions. This course applies these theoretical concepts in a laboratory setting involving the design and testing of fuel cell and photovoltaic systems. Prerequisites: EGR 220, CHM 111, EGR 290 (corequisite). Enrollment limited to 12.{N}Credits: 4

EGR 389 Seminar: Techniques for Modeling Engineering Processes

The goal of this seminar is to introduce students to several approaches used to model, understand, simulate and forecast engineering processes. One approach to be covered is the use of artificial neural networks-a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) with connections to the brain. Other approaches to be covered are based upon probability and statistics and will include auto-regressive moving average (ARIMA) processes. Although students will learn about the theory behind these approaches, the emphasis of the course will be on their application to model processes throughout the field of engineering. Some examples include earthquake ground motion, financial markets, water treatment, and electrical systems. Acknowledging the interdisciplinary nature of AI, students will also investigate the possibilities of machine consciousness. Prerequisite or co-requisite: MTH 220. Enrollment limited to 12. {N}Credits: 4

EGR 390 Advanced Topics in Engineering

Contaminant Fate and Removal in Aquatic Systems
Chemical and microbiological contamination of freshwater is a growing concern around the world. Understanding how these contaminants behave in the environment is essential when considering ecosystem implications and engineering approaches towards remediation. Topics covered include water chemistry, water policy and regulation, chemical contaminant partitioning, and contaminant transport. We will explore how contaminants enter the ecosystem, the fate of these contaminants due to environmental action and the potential for remediation to help restore freshwater health. Current and historical water quality events will be reviewed as case studies. Through the course project, students will also have an opportunity to explore a chosen topic of interest related to water quality and/or aquatic chemical or microbiological contamination. Prerequisites: CHM 111 and EGR374 or permission of the instructor. Enrollment limit of 12. {N} Credits: 4

An Introduction to Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) and Micro-scale Devices
Miniature and micro-scale devices have applications ranging from the navigation system in your phone to disease diagnosis at your doctor's office. The goals of this course are to introduce the fabrication techniques, models, and design process for sensors and actuators with micro-scale features. The course will also explore how electromechanical models that are applicable at the macro-scale can be modified to fit scaled down devices. Several topics will be discussed, including bio and chemical sensors, wearable sensors, and other sensors for health and biological applications. Students will complete a final project by collecting measurements with a commercial MEMS sensor package. Prerequisites: EGR 220 and Junior or Senior level standing in engineering. Enrollment limit of 12. {N} Credits: 4


Material Science
Periods in human history (e.g. Stone Age, Bronze Age, Silicon Age) have been defined by advancements in new materials. Discoveries in Material Science have lead the way to new technologies in every engineering discipline and continue to be at the forefront of developing fields such as biomaterials and nanotechnology. This course will provide a broad introduction into the world of Material Science with a special emphasis on the relationship between the interrelationship between the composition, processing, structure, and properties of metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites. Prerequisites: EGR 270 and CHM 111. {N} Credits: 4