Sophia Smith Professor of Physics
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Malgorzata Pfabe came to the United States from Poland in 1978 as a visiting assistant professor at Renssalaer Polytechinc Institute. She joined the Smith College faculty in 1982.
Pfabe specializes in theoretical nuclear physics and her current research is devoted to properties of nuclear matter. Nuclear matter is a mixture of protons and neutrons. The behavior of nuclear matter is described by an equation of state (EOS) which is not well known for nuclear matter densities much smaller or much larger than the densities inside atomic nuclei. Not much is also known for very asymmetric nuclear matter where there are many more neutrons than protons or many more protons than neutrons. The knowledge of the behavior of nuclear matter at different densities and asymmetries is very important in astrophysics in determining the properties of supernovae and neutron stars. It is also essential in studies of rare radioactive isotopes far from the stability line. In order to investigate nuclear matter under these extreme conditions one can perform experiments of collisions between heavy ions and study its outcomes, like properties of emitted nucleons, light particles and larger fragments. In her research she models and runs simulations of nuclear collisions. She tries to analyze the quantities which are sensitive to density and asymmetry. The theoretical results are then being compared with experimental data, providing valuable information about interactions between nucleons and basic properties of nuclear matter. In her work she collaborates with theoretical physicists in INFN Catania, Italy and University of Munich in Germany. She also works together with experimental nuclear physicists in National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University and with experimentalists at Texas A&M University.
Pfabe likes music, dancing, swimming and hiking. She loves to travel and combines this pleasure with business by spending her sabbatical leaves in places like France, Australia or Sicily and collaborating with researches from different countries.
Recent major publications
"Isospin Dynamics in Peripheral Heavy Ion Collisions at Fermi Energy," with J. Rizzo, M. Colonna, M. DiToro, V. Baran, H. Wolter, Nuclear Physics A806 (2008) 79.
"A Journey into the Isospin Dynamics in Heavy Ion Collisions," with M. DiToro, V. Baran, M. Colonna, C. Rizzo, J. Rizzo, H. Wolter, Proceedings of IWM2007.
"Isospin Properties of Fast Light Particles Emitted in Intermediate Energy Central Collisions," with J. Rizzo, M. Colonna, M. DiToro, H. Wolter, V .Baran, Proceedings of WIM2007.
"Isospin Transport in Semi-Peripheral Collisions at Fermi Energy," with M. DiToro, V. Baran, M. Colonna, H. Wolter, AIP Conference Proceedings 884 (2007) 285.
"Isospin Transport at Fermi Energy," with V. Baran, M. Colonna, M. DiToro, H. Wolter, Physical Review. 72C (2005) 064620.
"Isotopes Yields from Central 112,124Sn +112,124Sn Collisions," with T. X. Liu, X. D. Liu, W. G. Lynch, R. Shomin, W. P. Tan, M. B. Tsang, M. J. Van Goethem, G. Verde, A. Wagner, H. F. Xi, H. S. Hsu, C. K. Gelbke, H. H. Wolter, M. Colonna, M. Di Toro, L. Beaulieu, B. Davin, Y. Larochelle, T. Lefort, R. T. de Souza, R. Yanez,V. E. Viola, R. J. Charity, L. G. Sobotka, Physical Review C69 (2004) 014603.
"Isospin in Nuclear Fragmerntation," with V. Baran, M. Colonna, M. DiTro, V. Greco, H. Wolter, Physics of Atomic Nuclei 66, 8 (2003) 1.
"Isospin Effects in Nuclear Fragmentation," with V. Baran, M. Colonna, V. Greco, M. DiToro, H. Wolter, Nuclear Physics, A703 (2002) 603.
"Asymmetry Effects in Nuclear Fragmentation," with M. DiToro, S. Maccarone, V. Baran, H. Wolter, Nuclear Physics A681 (2001) 426c.