Biographies of Contributors
JENNIFER GABRIELLE EDWARDS (1971- ) has published two translations in The Michigan Quarterly Review. An essay she is translating will appear in Creative Nonfiction Magazine, as part of a special issue edited by Ilán Stavans. She lives in New York City and is the book reviewer for El Diario/La Prensa newspaper.
GUNNAR EKELÖF (1907-1968) Swedish lyric modernist. Three general selections of his poems have appeared in English translations by Robert Bly, James Larson with Leonard Nathan, and Muriel Rukeyser with Leif Sjöberg, as well as the booklength poem A Molna Elegy; also W.H. Auden, with Leif Sjöberg's Diwan over the Prince of Emgion and The Tale of Fatumeh.
JOHANNA EKSTRÖM Daughter of Margareta Ekström whose work has appeared in previous issues of this Journal, was born 1970 in Stockholm, is coming out with her third collection of poetry this fall; has elicited positive criticism as a painter as well.
MARGARETA EKSTRÖM (1930- ) has written and published highly regarded poetry and fiction for the past fifty years, and received many prizes. Her work has appeared in Metamorphoses previously.
Award-winning Welsh poet and playwright, MENNA ELFYN is the author of seven volumes of poetry, six stage plays, two novels for teenagers and editor of a number of educational books. Her work has been translated into fifteen languages. A Fellow of the Royal Literary Fund, she was also made Poet Laureate for Children in 2002. She was shortlisted in 2003 for the Evelyn Encelot European Prize for Women Poets.
"EL HOR" (or "EL HA") was the pseudonym of a female author from Vienna whose identity has never been revealed. Beginning in 1913, she published experimental prose pieces in Existentialist magazines two books, Die Schaukel (See-saw) in 1913 and Schatten (Shadows) in 1920, both reissued in 1991 by Hartwig Suhrbier, Gottingen: Steidl.
ELLEN ELIAS-BURSAC (b. Cambridge, Massachusetts) Lived in Zagreb, Yugoslavia eighteen years, working as a translator and in coordinating junior study abroad for American students. She lives in Cambridge and works as freelance literary translator and scholar of the South Slavic literatures. Her translation of Slavenska Drakulic's novel Holograms of Fear was published by Norton in 1992.
MONA ELNAMOURY is Associate Professor of English at Tanta University, specializing is feminist American science fiction. She has taught AFL and EFL for several years besides teaching literature. She is an ICLA member.
PAUL ELUARD French poet of the Resistance.
ODYSSEAS ELYTIS (1911-1996), Greek poet and winner of the 1979 Nobel Prize for Literature was born Odysseas Alepoudhelis on Crete. Elytis first started publishing poetry in 1935; his early work was inspired by French Surrealism but was informed by a distinctly Greek, Aegean heritage and aesthetic. His poetry (twenty-three collections or book-length poems) and essays have been translated into many languages and some of his poetry was set to music by internationally famous Greek composers Manos Hatzidakis and Mikis Theodorakis, and became popular songs. Elytis was also a visual artist, and wrote on art as well. The prose poem translated in this issue is from the collection he published in 1940, Prosanatolismoi (Bearings).
KAREN EMMERICH is a translator of Modern Greek poetry and prose. Her translations include Landscape with Dog and Other Stories by Ersi Sotiropoulos (longlisted for the Best Translated Book of 2009), Rien ne va plus by Margarita Karapanou, I'd Like by Amanda Michalopolou (longlisted for the Best Translated Books of 2008), Poems (1945-1971) by Miltos Sachtouris (nominated for a National Book Critics' Circle Prize in Poetry), and The Few Things I Know About Glafkos Thrassakis by Vassilis Vasslikos. She is the recipient of translation grants and awards from the NEA, PEN, and the Modern Greek Studies Association.
MIHAI EMINESCU (1850-1889) The greatest Rumanian poet of the nineteenth century. Educated in the Ukraine, Vienna, and Berlin, he brought Western literary influences to bear on Rumanian poetry. Was at times a roving actor, a school inspector, editor-in-chief of the conservative Timpul (Times). Died in Bucharest of hereditary insanity. Mystically inclined, he denounced the vileness of the present in favor of past glories. His influence on subsequent Rumanian poetry was enormous.
NIKOS ENGONOPOULOS (1907-1985), one of the younger generation of Greek poets (which included Andreas Embirikos and Odysseas Elytis) who embraced the liberationist promise of French Surrealism at a time of right-wing dictatorship at home and ascendent Fascism abroad.
JOZSEF ERDELY Illustrious Hungarian poet, born at the end of the last century. He revived simple verse forms in the tradition of folk poetry and alsso made contributions to the study of linguistics.
JOSÉ ALFREDO ESCOBAR MARTÍNEZ is a Zapotec poet, school teacher, and Director of Education at the Casa de Cultural in Espinal, a town in Mexico's Isthmus of Tehuantepec. "Santa María del Mar" originally appeared in a special issue of the Mexico City magazine Generación, called "Juchitan: las casas tienen sueño" (Vol XVI, No. 58, 2004).
DAVID ESCOFFERY is a PhD candidate at the University of Pittsburgh in the Department of Theatre Arts. He is in the process of completing his dissertation, which deals with Pirandello's links to the Italian Fascist Party.
MAITE GONZÁLEZ ESNAL was born in San Sebastian in 1943. She focuses her writing on children's and young adult literature. Her most recent book is a collection of short stories entitled Maiderren taupada (Maider's heartbeat), about the daily adverntures of Maider, a young girl.
SALVADOR ESPRIU (1913-1985) was a leading Catalan writer and intellectual. He is internationally renowned for poetry, plays and prose works that range from the overtly political to the deeply elegiac to the dauntingly hermetic. Labyrinth's End, a unified work in thirty sections, completed in 1955, is the fifth and final entry in the poet's "lyric cycle".
CLAUDIA ESPOSITO is a doctoral candidate in the Department of French Studies at Brown University, where she is currently completing a dissertation on Francophone writers of the Mediterranean. She holds an MA in French and Francophone literatures, with a concentration in translation studies, from the University of Massachusetts/Amherst. Her research interests include postcolonial literatures, translation theory, and Mediterranean studies.