Biographies of Contributors
ALICIA CABIEDES-FINK is a native of Ecuador who had taught secondary level Spanish at Hilton Central High School, Hilton, NY for twenty-four years.
ASTRID CABRAL is a leading poet and environmentalist from the Amazonian region of Brazil. She is the translator of Thoreau's Walden into Portuguese. Recent collections of her poetry include The Anteroom, Gazing Through Water, and Cage. Her poems have appeared in Pleiades, Runes, Sirena, Amazonian Literary Review, Cincinnati Review, Confrontation, Calque, Dirty Goat, Per Contra (on-line), and Poetry East.
TRISTAN CABRAL Contemporary French poet. Since 1977 published seven volumes of poetry.
WENDY CALL is a writer, editor, and translator in Seattle. She is co-editor of Telling True Stories: A Nonfiction Writers Guide (Plume/Penguin, 2007) and is currently completing a book about village life and economic globalization in Mexico's Isthmus of Tehuantepec. (www.wendycall.com)
ANTONIO F. CALVO teaches at Princeton University, where he is in charge of the Spanish Language Program. His current projects include a book about translation and the interpretation of poetry, illustrated by the connections between Federico García Lorca's Gypsy Ballads and the English translation that Langston Hughes started in 1937 and finally published in 1954; a translation of Finlater, Shawn Stewart Ruff's first novel.
SEYDOU CAMARA was born in 1952, in Bancoumana, Mali. He studied History in Paris and obtained his PhD from EHESS, Paris in 1990. Most of his publications deal with oral tradition and bards as well as 20th century politics in Mali. Currently he is Head of the Department of History and Archaeology at the Institut des Sciences Humaines in Bamako.
JUAN CAMERON (1947- ) was born in Valparaíso, Chile. He has published sixteen volumes of poetry and won an impressive number of prestigious prizes over the years, beginning in 1971. He has continued to work against tremendous odds, surviving, by guile and sheer nerve, fourteen years of the Pinochet dictatorship and ten years of political exile in Sweden. After free elections in Chile he returned to his beloved Valparaíso where he lives with his wife, the graphic artist Virginia Vizcaíno. They often collaborate on various projects.
KELSEY CAMIRE first became drawn to translation after the death of Spanish poet Rafael Alberti, when she realized that, more than anything else, she wanted to be able to share Alberti's poems with her father. She began translating while studying in Spain, focusing on the novel La lluvia amarilla by Julio Llamazares. She first met Julia Otxoa when the poet was visiting a Comparative Literature class at Smith College. Kelsey graduated from Smith College in 2001 and currently resides in Northampton, MA.
LUÍS DE CAMÕES (1524?-1580), Portugal's most famous poet, seems to have acquired his extensive Classical learning at the University of Coimbra. Little is known about him with certainty, but he is said to have lost an eye fighting the Moors, and he spent much of his apparently incident-filled life abroad, residing in India and Africa before returning to his native country, where he spent his last few years in poverty. Best known for The Lusiads, his national epic that recounts Vasco da Gama's voyage round the Cape of Good Hope to India, Camões was also a considerable lyric poet, much influenced by Italian precedents, whose output includes sonnets, sestinas, odes, eclogues, and redondilhas.
IVAN CANADAS earned his PhD from the University of Sydney with a dissertation on the theaters of Spain and England at the turn of the seventeenth century; the project involved a significant amount of translation of Spanish material into English. He is Assistant Professor of English Literature at Hallym University, South Korea. He has directed his own English-language adaptations of plays by Federico Garca Lorca and Fernando Arrabal, and is currently completing a bilingual edition of a Golden Age Spanish comedy, Lope de Vegas La villana de Getafe.
MANLIO CANCOGNI was born in Bologna of Tuscan parents but later transferred to Rome, where he completed his doctoral studies in history and philosophy and began publishing short stories before becoming special correspondent for L'Europeo, L'Espresso, Il Corriere della Sera, Il Giornale, and later La Fiera Letteraria. At present he contributes to L'Osservatore Romano. He taught at Smith for twelve years, in the Italian Department. He has published about thirty books, winning some literary prizes (Bagutta, Campiello, Strega, Viareggio). 1999 saw the publication, in a bilingual edition, of his translation into Italian of Ron Banerjee's Sonnets for the Madonna.
HARKAITZ CANO was born in Lasarte, Gipuzkoa in 1975 and currently resides in Donostia-San Sebastián. Cano's highly diverse literary production has already become one of the cornerstones of the so-called "New Basque Literature." Author of a collection of poetry Kea behelainopean bezala (1994) at age nineteen, he has since published several collections of short stories and three novels: Beluna Jazz (1996), Pasaia Blues (1999), and Paino gainean gosaltz (El puente desafinado; Baladas de Nueva York; 2000).
HÉLÈNE CANTARELLA Writer, critic, translator, teacher of languages Emerita at Smith College. For many years wrote reviews for The New York Times, The New Leader and other periodicals. Former Chief of the Foreign Language Section of the Motion Picture Bureau of the Office of War Information, then Coordinator of Films at Smith College. Lives in Leeds, Massachusetts.
ROSETTA GIULIANI-CAPONETTO was born in Muqdishu (Somalia) and moved to Italy in 1980. She is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Connecticut and teaches Italian language and literature at Smith College. Her field of research is Italian colonialism and the hybrid or mulatto character in literature and cinema of the nineteenth and twentieth century. Her interests include African cinema and the theories of Imperfect and Third World cinema.
RAFFAELE LA CAPRIA (b. 1922) Italian writer whose works are based in Naples. Capri e non più Capri was published by Mondadori in 1991. Petroff and Pioli are currently translating the whole work.
XÁNATH CARAZA is a traveler, educator, poet, and short story writer. Originally from Xalapa,Veracruz, Mexico, she has lived in Vermont and Kansas City. She has an M.A. in Romance Languages. She lectures in Foreign Languages and Literatures at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. Her full-length book of poetry Conjuro (2012) is from Mammoth Publications and her chapbook Corazón Pintado: Ekphrastic Poems (2012) is from TL Press. She won the 2003 Ediciones Nuevo Espacio international short story contest in Spanish and was a 2008 finalist for the first international John Barry Award. Caraza is an advisory circle member of the Con Tinta literary organization and a former board member of the Latino Writers Collective in Kansas City. She has taught in Mexico, Brazil, China, Spain and the US. Caraza is currently working on a collection of ekphrastic poems with the artist Juan Chawuk. Additionally, she is working on another short story collection, Lo que trae la marea/What the Tide Brings In forthcoming from Mouthfeel Press in 2013. Her Day of the Dead Art work has been exhibited at the Nelson Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO.
ALEKSANDRA CARBAJAL holds a BA in Spanish from Rutgers University, where she is currently working on her MA in Spanish Translation. Originally from Poland, she immigrated to the U.S. at the age of six. She is fluent in Polish, Spanish, and English, and hopes to use all three languages in her career as a translator and interpreter.
NATALIA CARBAJOSA received a doctorate in English Literature from the University of Salamanca with highest honors and teaches English at the Technical University of Cartagena. Her literary publications include Los puentes sumergidos (The Submerged Bridges; poetry, 2000); Patologias (Pathologies; short stories, 2005); Pronóstico (Forecast; poetry, 2005); The Kingdoms and the Hours/Himeneo and his Names (poetry, 2006); Prosopoemas (Prosepoems; poetry, 2008); and an annotated translation of H.D. (Trilogia, 2008).
JAN CARHART, MSW, graduated from Smith College with a BA in English and has taught English language and literature and social studies at the middle school level. She has also worked as a clinical social worker, stock broker and financial planner, and a grant proposal reviewer for the federal Department of Health and Human Services. As an amateur photographer for many years, she photographs people, landscapes, and animals in a variety of settings.
IVANA CARLSEN Born in Brazil, she came to the U.S. in 1947 on scholarships to Berkeley and Santa Barbara, to settle in Los Angeles where she lived and worked except for a time in Portugal from 1986-1992. She has been awarded a Literature and Translation Grant from the National Endowment of the Arts.
BARBARA SIEGEL CARLSON's poems have appeared in Hayden's Ferry Review, Poetry East, and Asheville Poetry Review, among others. Translations have appeared or are forthcoming in The Literary Review, Natural Bridge, Hunger Mountain, Nimrod, Sulphur River Literary Review, and Poetry Miscellany. Carlson is the author of a chapbook Between this Quivering (Coreopsis Press). A collection of English versions (co-translated with Ana Jelnikar) of the poetry of the Slovene Srecko Kosovel is due out in 2009 from Ugly Duckling Presse. Carlson lives in Carver, MA.
RAFFAELE CARRIERI was born in Taranto, Southern Italy in 1905. From adolescence he embarked on a life of travel and a variety of jobs, from taxman to art critic. Friendly with D'Annunzio in Italy and Blaise Cendrars and other figures of the avant garde in the Paris of the 1920s, he published several collections of poetry, and Mondadori published a volume of selected poems in 1976.
NINA CASSIAN Rumania's principal poet, translations of her poems by many distinguished American writers recently appeared in Life Sentence: Selected Poems.
PAUL MELO E CASTRO is Lecturer in Portuguese at the University of Leeds, where he is engaged in a research project looking at the Lusophone Goan short story.
BARTOLO CATTAFI (1922-1979) was born in the province of Messina, Sicily, but he lived and worked in Milan for most of his life. He began to write poetry after a medical discharge from the army during WWII. He traveled extensively in Spain, Great Britain, and North Africa and published many collections during his lifetime. His selected poems were published in 1990 by Mondadori as Poesie 1943-1979.
CLARE CAVANAGH (1956- ) is Associate Professor of Slavic Languages at Northwestern University. She has translated two volumes of Wislawa Szymborska's poetry with Stanislaw Baranczak. She has also translated Adam Zagajewski's Mysticism for Beginners.
INARA CEDRINS is an artist, writer and translator of Latvian descent who received her BA in Writing from Columbia College in Chicago and her MA in Arts Administration at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Her anthology of contemporary Latvian poetry written while Latvia was under Soviet occupation was published by the University of Iowa Press, and she is currently working on a new Baltic anthology.
PAUL CELAN (Pseud. for Paul Antschel) Best known as chronicler in poetry of the Holocaust, he was born to a Jewish family in Rumania, was conscripted during the War to labor service in Southern Moldavia, and, after wandering in exile, settled in Paris where he lectured at the École Normale Supérieure. His own translations are many, while his cryptic handling of German has been the challenge and despair of translators into English.
LEE CHADEAYNE is a former classical musician, college professor, and owner of a language translation company in Massachusetts. A charter member of the American Literary Translators Association, he has been active in the organization since 1970 and is currently editor-in-chief of its newsletter. His translated works to date are primarily in the areas of music, art, language, history and general literature. Recent publications include The Settlers of Catan by Rebecca Gablé (2005) and The Copper Sign by Katja Fox (2009) as well as numerous short stories. His translation of Die Henkerstochter (The Hangman's Daughter), the best-selling novel by Oliver Pötzsch, is forthcoming.
RAQUEL CHALFI was born in Tel-Aviv where she lives and works. She studied at Hebrew University, at Berkeley University, and at the American Film Institute. She worked for Israeli radio and television as writer-director-producer, and has taught film at Tel Aviv University. She has published nine volumes of poetry, and is the recipient of numerous awards for her poetry as well as for her work in theater, radio and film. Her collected poems, Solar Plexus, poems 1975-1999, appeared in 2002; in 2006 she received the Bialik Award for poetry. Most recently, her work appeared in American Poetry Review and in the anthology, Poets on the Edge—Contemporary Hebrew Poetry (SUNY Press, 2008).
THIBAUT DE CHAMPAGNE (1201-1253), the most illustrious of the trouvères and one of the most prolific, was the great-grandson of Eleanor of Aquitaine and both count of Champagne and king of Navarre. He was a leading political figure in the France and (northern) Spain of his time, deeply involved in royal power struggles and in the Crusade of 1239. Over seventy songs of various types are attributed to him.
GERALD CHAPPLE was born in Montréal in 1937 and has been translating contemporary German and Austrian authors for twenty-five years. Among his recent translations, those of Ursula Krechel, Josef Haslinger, and Kunert have appeared in The Fiddlehead, Fiction, and Modern Poetry in Translation. His translation of Barbara Frischmuth's Chasing after the Wind: Four Stories (1996) received a Translation Award from the government of Austria. He is putting together a selection of Kunert's poems with the working title, A Stranger at Home.
An Associate Professor of Language and Literature at Wenzao College of Languages, Taiwan, ASSELIN CHARLES has taught at several institutions in North America and in Haiti, and worked as a translator for the Quebec Ministry of Education. He has translated short stories by René Depestre and Antenor Firmin's nineteenth-century masterwork, De l'Égalité des races humaines.
ERIC CHARRY is Associate Professor in the Music Department at Wesleyan University. His book, Mande Music: Traditional and Modern Music of the Maninka of Western Africa, was published by the University of Chicago Press in 2000.
MME DU CHATELET (GABRIELLE EMILIE LE TONNELIER DE BRETEUIL, MARQUISE DU CHATELET-LOMOT) (1706-1749) The daughter of the Baron de Breteuil, Principal Secretary and Introducer of Ambassadors to Louis XIV, Emilie received a basic education at home, was taught Latin by her father, learned fencing, riding and gymnastics, which were not typical for a girl. By the age of twelve she had a fluent mastery of German and Greek in addition to Latin. She was introduced to court at sixteen, where she developed a taste for finery, but her superior intellect led her to seek the company primarily of equals in wit and education. Emilie hired tutors to teach her geometry, algebra, calculus, and physics, and she spent as much as twelve hours a day studying. When she was nineteen, she married Florent-Claude Chatelet. She had had several amorous liaisons before meeting Voltaire in 1733, when she was twenty-eight and he thirty-nine. Together they conducted a public love affair, which lasted for over a decade. Together they collected 21,000 volumes in a library and studied everything from metaphysics and morality to natural science and biblical criticism. One of the major achievements of their collaboration was the publication, in 1738, under Voltaire's name, of the Elements de la philosophie de Newton, which greatly advanced the cause of Newtonian physics in France. Voltaire states in the preface that they worked on the project together. Emilie herself wrote a remarkable dissertation, "Sur la nature et la propagation du feu." The Academie des Sciences considered the work for a prize and published it in 1744. She authored her own Institutions de physique and also completed a translation with commentary of Newton's Principia Mathematica, which was published posthumously by Voltaire and which remains to this day the definitive French edition of Newton's great work. Emilie wrote the Discours sur le bonheur in the years just before her death, on September 10, 1749. The text itself was not published until 1779. The letters of Voltaire to Emilie, which she is known to have preserved in eight books of red morocco leather, have never been found.
Born in Egypt in a Lebanese-Syrian family, ANDRÉE CHEDID is a French citizen who has lived in Paris since 1946. Her work includes numerous volumes of poetry, short stories, novels, and theater. She is one of the most prominent contemporary Francophone writers and is the recipient of the 2002 Bourse Goncourt for Poetry. Her writings are in French, but the mythology underlying them is both Western and non-European. "The Lost Garden" is a poem about the myth of Adam and Eve and Paradise Lost, but Chedid brings her own vision to this biblical and foundational myth of Western societies.
ANDRÉ CHÉNIER (1762-94) became an honorary Romantic when his poems were published in 1819, on the eve of the new movement in poetry inaugurated by Lamartine and a quarter century after his life was cut short by the guillotine. Born in Constantinople, where his father was the French consul, Chénier grew up in Paris where his mother, from a Greek family, held a salon and befriended the leading writers of the day. After a brief military career he served three years as secretary to the French embassy in London, during which time the Revolution broke out; he welcomed it as first, but was shocked by the execution of Louis XVI and wrote against it in newspaper articles. Arrested during the Terror, he spent several months in prison awaiting death, though no charges had been filed; there he met and admired Aimée Franquetot de Coigny, the former Duchess of Fleury, the "young captive" of the following poem. She was able to escape prison through bribery, but Chénier was not so lucky: he was guillotined on July 25, just two days before the fall of Robespierre and the end of the Terror. His poem about her was published shortly thereafter, but few others were known until 1819. From that date on he was celebrated as the one who brought French poetry out of its century-long decline. The first of Victor Hugo's odes (written early in 1821) and two later ones have an epigraph from Chénier. The largest part of Alfred de Vigny's novel Stello (1832) retells the efforts to free Chénier from prison. Alfred de Musset remembers him in "A Wasted Evening" (1840). And he meant a good deal to Alexander Pushkin, who was a French poet before a Russian one.
ESTHER M. K. CHEUNG is Associate Professor of Comparative Literature in the School of Humanities, the University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam) and a Research Associate of the Kwan Fong Cultural Research and Development Programme (CRD) at Lingnan University. She is Director of the Center for the Study of Globalization and Cultures (CSGC) at the University of Hong Kong. She has published on identity in Hong Kong films, pop song lyrics, literary and historical writings. She is the editor of In Critical Proximity: The Visual Memories of Stanley Kwan (in Chinese, Joint Publishing) and co-editor of two collections, Xiang-gang Wen-xue@ Wen-hua Yan-jiu [Hong Kong Literature as/and Cultural Studies] (Oxford UP) and Between Home and World: A Reader in Hong Kong Cinema (Oxford UP). Her Chinese prose writings and cultural criticisms have appeared in Mingpao Daily (Hong Kong), Mingpao Monthly (Hong Kong), Hong Kong Economic Journal, City Magazine, and her own edited prose collection called Sabayoning the City (Red Publish).
CHANG CHI, a T'ang Dynasty poet, contemporary of Li Po, Wang Wei and Tu Fu, was from a town now in the province of Hubei. Like other scholar-poets in China, he held a government office. His poetry integrates Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.
GIORGIO DE CHIRICO Surrealist painter, born 1888 in Greece of Italian parents, best known for his brooding ominous visions of unpeopled cities. Was a mover in Surrealist circles, though he broke with his past in 1933. During World War II and after he lived and worked primarily in Italy, where he died at the age of ninety.
EDUARDO CHIRINOS (b. Lima, 1960) is the author of eleven books of poetry. His work is widely anthologized in the Spanish-speaking world. In 2001, Chirinos was awarded the inaugural Poesía Americana Innovadora Prize from the Casa de América in Madrid for innovation in Latin American poetry. He is currently associate professor of Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures at the University of Montanaó- Missoula.
JULES CHOPPIN, JOSEPH DÉJACQUE, CHARLES CHAUVIN BOISCLAIR DELÉRY, EDGAR GRIMA: Francophone poets from nineteenth-century Louisiana: see introduction and biographies, within issue 11.1.
HAMIDA BANU CHOPRA is an internationally renowned reciter of Urdu poetry. She teaches Urdu language and literature at the University of California, Berkeley. She received her MA in Philosophy from Rajasthan University and an advanced degree in Urdu from Aligarh University. Her co-translations of Urdu poetry have appeared in TWO LINES: World Writing in Translation and Circumference and are forthcoming in the online multimedia journal Born Magazine.
KEVIN CHRISTIANSON holds a PhD in English from the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee. His own poems have appeared in Minnesota Review, The Formalist, and New Letters. A professor of English, he teaches courses in creative writing, poetry, and world literature at Tennessee Tech University. In 1999-2000 he received a Fulbright to teach American literature at Nicholas Copernicus University in Torun, Poland. In 1998 he was elected member of the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences.
MAURA CHWASTYK is currently studying at Charles University in Prague and completing her degree in linguistics at the University of Pittsburgh.
KAY CICELLIS (1926-2001) was born of Greek parents in Marseilles, France. She attended the American College of Greece and spent the World War II years in her father's home island of Cephalonia. Greece's premier literary translator, Kay Cicellis distinguished herself as a writer both in Greek and English. Her fiction has been translated into English, French, German, Portugese, and Spanish. The Dance of the Hours (Athens: Agra Publications, 1998), a collection of short stories, won the Greek State Prize in 1999.
EVA CLAESON, one of the founding editors of Metamorphoses in 1992, is a translator from Swedish who, after 30 years in Europe lives, north of Amherst MA. She has written about a dozen short stories as well as poetry and has published numerous translations, including two short story collections, books of poetic prose, a classic novel and a collection of contemporary Swedish women poets. At this time she is working on what she calls an autobiographic fiction which she started 20 years ago.
MERCÈ CLARASÓ born in Glasgow of Catalan and Scottish parentage, lived in Catalonia as a child from 1927-36 and worked in Valencia for the British Council from 1947-51. She later graduated from Edinburgh University with 1st Class Honours in Spanish and French, and a Diploma of Education. She taught Spanish and French in St. Leonards School, St. Andrews, Scotland, and received her doctorate from the University of St. Andrews in 1977, with a thesis on The Use of Colour in the Short Stories of Horacio Quiroga. She taught Spanish and Catalan language and literature at the University of St. Andrews from 1970-85. She has published a number of scholarly articles as well as translations from French into English. Her Catalan translation of Robert Louis Stevenson's Weir of Hermiston was published in 1986.
HUGO CLAUS was born in 1929 in Bruges (West-Flanders, Belgium). As a young man, he worked on farms and as a seasonal laborer in sugar factories in Northern France while studying at the Academy of Ghent (Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten) and the Theatre Academy of Ghent (Toneelschool). His meeting with Antonin Artaud in 1948 stimulated his interest in experimental art. From 1948 to 1951, he was a member of the modern painters' movement COBRA, founded by Dutch painter Karel Appel. In 1973, he married the soft-porn actress Slyvia Kristel (known for the 1970s Emmanuelle movies) with whom he has a son. At various moments in his career, he lived in France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Belgium. Claus is a prolific painter, poet, dramatist, fiction writer, translator, and theatre and movie director. Among his most famous novels are: De Verwondering (1962; L'étonnement), a story about Flemish Nazis during the WWII occupation and Het Verdriet van Belgi (1983; Le Chagrin des belges; The Sorrow of Belgium). He has received numerous national and international awards and several Nobel Prize nominations.
EVA CLAESON, one of the founding editors of Metamorphoses in 1991, spent her early life in Germany, Belgium and Cuba, and the 1950s in the San Francisco Renaissance. She then lived in Sweden and England for thirty-six years and has lived north of Amherst, MA since 1991. She has translated short stories, novels, and poetry from Swedish to English.
ALICE CLEMENTE is Emeritus Professor of Spanish and Portuguese and of Comparative Literature at Smith College and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Portuguese and Brazilian Studies at Brown University. She is managing editor of Gávea-Brown Publications, which is based in that department. She has translated poetry for the Amazonian Literary Review and was editor and a translator of Sweet Marmalade, Sour Oranges: an Anthology of Contemporary Portuguese Women's Fiction. She is also the translator of the Portuguese classic Amor de Perdição (Doomed Love—A Family Memoir).
STEPHEN CLINGMAN is Professor of English and Director of the Interdisciplinary Seminar in the Humanities and Fine Arts at the University of Massachusetts. He has published a book on the South African Nobel Laureate, Nadine Gordimer, and edited a collection of her non-fiction. His most recent book, Bram Fisher: Afrikaner Revolutionary, won the Alan Paton Prize, South Africa's premier award for non-fiction.
LYNNE CONNER is Assistant Professor in the Theatre Department at the University of Pittsburgh, where she teaches theatre and dance history, theory, and aesthetics. Her publications include Spreading the Gospel of the Modern Dance (1997) and articles in the International Dictionary of Modern Dance, Crucibles of Crisis, High Performance, Theatre Studies, The American Association of Museums Professional Practice Series and Pittsburgh History as well as critical commentary in many newspapers, newsletters and production programs.
SUSAN LEIGH CONNORS is a translator and graduate teaching fellow in the Department of Romance Languages and Literature at Boston College. The better part of her adult life has been spent in Tuscany, Italy, where she pursued a degree in English Literature at the University of Siena. She was then employed with the Department of Public Education in Grosseto, Italy. Although her background in translation has mainly been in the technical field, her passion for literature and history has overwhelmed her writings. She has translated a number of works related to Italian culture and gastronomy, most recently Balsamic Vinegar for Atlanta, S.r.l., Bologna. In addition, she has translated many unpublished works for authors of Italian Migration Literature, including works by Mohsen Melliti and Younis Tawfik.
MARGARET JULL COSTA has translated works by Eca de Queiroz, Fernando Pessoa and José Regio, Carmen Martí Gaite, Bernardo Atxaga, Javier Marías, among others. Her version of José Saramago's All the Names won the 2000 Weidenfeld Translation Prize. Her translation of Fernando Pessoa's The Book of Disquiet made her a joint winner of the Portuguese translation prize.
SARA BANEGA COVEÑA studied in the school of Philosophy, Letters and Education at the University of Cuenca and went on to earn a PhD in German philology in Munich. Currently she teaches Spanish literature at the University of Cuenca, where she also acts as Director of Literature. Editor of the literary review Solotextos, she has published widely and often in Ecuador. She is known especially for the invention of the micropoem, a haiku-like poem which marries surrealism with the deep image and takes of feminist issues or philosophical questions of time and being.
WAYNE COX received a PhD in American Literature in 1991 from the University of South Carolina. He is currently Assistant Professor of English at Anderson College in Anderson, South Carolina, where he teaches creative writing and literature. His work has appeared in such places as Poetry, Shenandoah, Chelsea, Stand, and Southern Humanities Review. With his wife, Lourdes Manyé, he most recently published Vacation Notebook (New York: Pter Lang Press, 1995), a translation of Quadern de Vacances by Miquel Martí i Pol.
IOAN CRETU was born and raised in Romania and attended the University of Georgia (Athens, GA). He has published over a hundred essays and book reviews in the major Romanian literary magazines and has translated extensively into Romanian from works by Julian Barnes, Kingsley Amis, Saul Bellow, Alexander Theroux, and others. In the last ten years he worked as a journalist for several Romanian newspapers and magazines, and in 1998-1999 as a correspondent for the British magazine Media International. In 1996 he spent three months as a writer in residence at the Mary Anderson Center in Indiana.
JANE DOBROWOLSKA CROUCH Three trips to Leningrad just before 1989 brought her into contact with young Russian poets and street musicians. These translations are from a collection of Kreps' poems under preparation.
JUSTIN CRUMBAUGH is an Assistant Professor of Spanish at Mount Holyoke College, where he specializes in Spanish and Basque cultural studies, particularly in relation to cinema, literature, social history, and economic development. He is currently preparing a book-length manuscript on the role of tourism in contemporary Spanish culture.
GASTÃO CRUZ (b. 1941) is the author of twenty volumes of poetry, including Collected Poems (1999), Craters (2000), Rua de Portugal (2002), Repercussion (2004) and Time's Coin (2006). In 1975 he co-founded the Theatre of Today, a repertory group that performed for over twenty years and for which he translated Chekhov, Strindberg, Crommelynk, and Shakespeare into Portuguese. A critic as well as a poet, he has gained much respect with his collected criticism under the title Portuguese Poetry Today. In the United States close to sixty of his poems have appeared in a dozen literary magazines, including Confrontation, Crab Creek Review, Dirty Goat, Folio, Faultline, Mid-American Review, Northwest Review, Osiris and Rhino.
NATASHA CUDDINGTON is from Saskatchewan, Canada, and has lived in Belfast for several years. She has a Masters Degree from the Irish Studies Department of Queens University Belfast, and has recently completed a book-length poem, several sections of which were published in Cyphers in 2010.
ALEXANDRA CUFFEL received her PhD in medieval history from New York University in 2002. She is an assistant professor of pre-modern world history at Macalester College. Her research focuses on Jewish, Christian, and Muslim relations in the Middle Ages. She is the author of Gendering Disgust in Medieval Religious Polemic (University of Notre Dame Press, 2007) and co-editor of Religion, Gender, and Culture in the pre-modern world (Palgrave 2007).
LLUÍS CUGOTA received his llicenciatura in journalism at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, where he also studied medicine and philology, and his Masters in Scientific and Medical Communications at Barcelona's Universitat Pompeu Fabra in 1995. His specialty is science writing in the areas of medicine and health. He has worked as an editor for the newspapers Avui, El Periódico, and La Vanguardia and for the magazines Algo, Estar Mejor, and Tu Salud, among others. He has been editor in the area of sciences for the second edition of the Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana, and project editor of various books on health. He has written several books on the popularization of science and health for young people. He regularly contributes a column to the weekly supplement Ciencia y Vida in La Vanguardia and collaborates in other ways as a scientific journalist and translator. He is currently taking advanced course work in Psychology at UNED (Spanish Open University), and is participating in the editing of a thematic encyclopedia.
CHARLES CUTLER's translations of Brazilian poetry, including the work of Thiago de Mello, Joäo de Jesus Paes Loureiro, Astrid Cabral, Jorge Tufic, Antísthenes Pinto, and Carlos Drummond de Andrade, have appeared in The Massachusetts Review, Metamorphoses, Two Lines, and Amazonian Literary Review. Translations of the contemporary Portuguese writers Maria Velho da Costa and Eduarda Dionisio appeared in Sweet Marmalade, Sour Oranges: Contemporary Portuguese Women's Fiction. He was co-editor of the erstwhile Amazonian Literary Review and is currently Professor Emeritus of Spanish and Portuguese at Smith College.
HEIDI CZERWIEC has received degrees in Creative Writing from UNC-Greensboro and the University of Utah, and currently is Assistant Professor of English & Creative Writing as well as Co-Director of the Annual UND Writers Conference at the University of North Dakota. She has recent work appearing or forthcoming in Barrow Street, Valparaiso Poetry Review, Kalliope, and Smartish Pace.