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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Examples

Word for Word | Paraphrasing

Example 5 of 5

A paraphrased example must be cited. You cite a paraphrased example as you would a word-for-word quote. Paraphrasing is a condensed version of another author's work, or putting the author's words into your own words.

Read the example carefully!

Original Source Material: ... constructivist theory rests on the assumption that knowledge is constructed by learners as they attempt to make sense of their experiences. Learners, therefore, are not empty vessels waiting to be filled, but rather active organisms seeking meaning.

Instead, knowledge must develop and continue to change with the activity of the learner.

It seems clear from remarks of constructivist researchers that constructivist learning goals are best met through a variety of instructional conditions that differ from any proposed by theorists like Gagné.

Source: Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Plagiarized Version Correct Version

The basic tenet of constructivism holds that learners themselves construct knowledge, rather than receive it from outside themselves. The instructional conditions for learning proposed by Gagne do not support the kind of learning assumed by the constructivists.

References: Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

The basic tenet of constructivism holds that learners themselves construct knowledge, rather than receive it from outside themselves. The instructional conditions for learning proposed by Gagne do not support the kind of learning assumed by the constructivists (Driscoll, 2000).

References: Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Explanation: This example has been plagiarized. Although the student has paraphrased the original material and included a reference for the original author, the ideas are not attributed to the original author in the body of the paper.

Explanation: This example has been paraphrased and is not considered plagiarized. The student has cited the original author and included an appropriate entry in the reference list.

Examples 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | Next: Practice



Credits

This tutorial site was developed by the Instructional Systems Technology Department in the School of Education at Indiana University Bloomington to offer students a chance to learn to recognize plagiarism. The Smith College Information Literacy Team is grateful for permission to use this tutorial as part of its program.

  • Content Design: Elizabeth Boling and Theodore Frick
  • Instructional Development and Formative Evaluation: Meltem Albayrak-Karahan, Joseph Defazio, Noriko Matsumura
   
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