Virginia Woolf’s cousin “Jem”—James Kenneth
Stephen (1859-1892)—was the second son of Leslie Stephen’s
brother, Sir James Fitzjames Stephen (1829-1894). A brilliant
athlete and intellectual, Jem went “mad” in the late
1880s, according to Virginia Woolf, and was committed to St. Andrews
Hospital in Northampton, England, where he died in 1892 at the
age of thirty two. Leslie and Julia Stephen welcomed their beloved
nephew into their home when Virginia Woolf was a child, even when
Jem’s behavior became erratic and violent.
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