Comparative literature courses explore a range of times, places and media. But they usually focus on one central issue: the ways poems mean, what sides have been taken in the debate over women, what makes a text anti-Semitic, how settled peoples imagine and depict foreigners, how travelers see new worlds.
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CLT 150 The Art of Translation: Poetics, Politics, Practice- Carolyn Shread
We hear and read translations all the time: on television news, in radio interviews, in movie subtitles, in international bestsellers. But translations don’t shift texts transparently from one language to another. Rather, they revise, censor and rewrite original works, to challenge the past and to speak to new readers. We explore translation in a range of contexts by hearing lectures by experts in the history, theory and practice of translation. Knowledge of a foreign language useful but not required. Graded S/U only. Can be taken concurrently with FRN 295 for 4 credits.
CLT 177 Journeys in World Literature
Topic: Epic Worlds-Craig Davis
A comparison of the first literary works to emerge from oral story-telling among several ancient, medieval and modern peoples to express their cultural ideas and sense of collective identity: the Akkadian Gilgamesh, the Hebrew Genesis and Exodus, the Hindu Mahabharata, the Greek Odyssey, the Irish Táin, the Anglo- Saxon Beowulf, the Welsh Mabinogi, the Finnish Kalevala and the Nyanja (Congolese) Mwindo. We explore these epics as sites of hard political thought and moral contest, especially how they seek to shape their societies’ broader world-view, value system and understanding of history through the struggles of vividly imagined heroes and heroines.
CLT 203 Western Classics in Translation, From Chrétien de Troyes to Tolstoy-Maria Banerjee
Same as ENG 203. Chrétien de Troyes’s Yvain; Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra; Cervantes’ Don Quixote; Lafayette’s The Princesse of Clèves ; Goethe’s Faust; Tolstoy’s War and Peace. Lecture and discussion. CLT 203/ENG 203, like CLT 202/ENG 202, is among the courses from which comparative literature majors choose two as the basis of the major. Students interested in comparative literature and/or the foundations of Western literature and wanting a writing-intensive course should take 202 or 203 or both.
ENG 207 The Technology of Reading and Writing-Douglas Patey
Same as HSC 207. An introductory exploration of the physical forms that knowledge and communication have taken in the West, from ancient oral cultures to modern print-literate culture. Our main interest is in discovering how what is said and thought in a culture reflects its available kinds of literacy and media of communication. Topics to include poetry and memory in oral cultures; the invention of writing; the invention of prose; literature and science in a script culture; the coming of printing; changing concepts of publication, authorship and originality; movements toward standardization in language; the fundamentally transformative effects of electronic communication.
POR 221 Portuguese and Brazilian Literature and Culture
Topic: Envisioning "Lusofonia": Transnational Encounters and Imaginaries in Portuguese-Language Film-Malcolm McNee
A focus on film from the Portuguese-speaking world. This course introduces the intertwined histories and diverse cultures of Portuguese-speaking communities spread across three continents through a survey of films from Brazil, Angola, Cape Verde, Guine-Bissau and Portugal. We discuss through these films and a selection of short, critical readings, questions of colonialism and post-colonialism, immigration and diaspora, and the historical and contemporary contours of a Portuguese-language globalization. Course taught in Portuguese.
CLT 230 "Unnatural" Women: Mothers Who Kill their Children-Thalia Pandiri
Some cultures give the murdering mother a central place in myth and literature while others treat the subject as taboo. How is such a woman depicted — as monster, lunatic, victim, savior? What do the motives attributed to her reveal about a society’s assumptions and values? What difference does it make if the author is a woman? We focus on literary texts but also consider representations in other media, especially cinema. Authors to be studied include Euripides, Seneca, Ovid, Anouilh, Christa Wolff, Walker, Morrison and others.
CLT 242 What and Where is Main Street-Ann Leone
Where is Main Street? What times, spaces or places does the expression conjure? Are there equivalent concepts and places in other cultures? What are the aesthetics, the life and livelihoods, the politics that we associate with it? How are images and the concept manipulated to affect us, in the arts, in environmental issues, and in public discourse? When do we treasure this landscape, and when do we flee it? We begin by looking at American Main Streets, and then explore related concepts in British, French, German and Russian texts and other media. Prerequisite: one course in literary studies.
JUD 260 Yiddish Literature and Culture
Why did Yiddish, the language of Eastern European Jews and millions of immigrants to America, so often find itself at the bloody crossroads of art and politics? Explores the Yiddish novel as a forum for political engagement and creative expression in the differing contexts of tsarist and revolutionary Russia, interwar Poland, Weimar Berlin and immigrant America. How have post-Holocaust writers memorialized not only a lost civilization but also a murdered language? All texts in translation. Enrollment limited to 18. No prerequisites.
CLT 266 Studies in South African Literature and Film
Topic: Adapting Violence to the Screen in South African Film-Katwiwa Mule
A study of South African literature and film with a particular focus on adaptation of literary texts to the screen. We pay particular attention to texts and films in which violence — political, economic, psychical, xenophobic, homophobic etc. — is the main focus. For what purposes do South African film makers adapt canonical and contemporaries texts, auto/biographies, and memoirs to the screen? How do these adaptations and modifications help us visualize the banality of evil of the apartheid system and its enduring legacies? How do race, class, gender, sexuality, and ethnicity complicate how we define, conceptualize and critique violence? Texts and films may include Alan Paton’s Cry the Beloved Country, André Brink’s A Dry White Season, Mahamo's The Last Grave at Dimbaza, John Wood’s Biko (Cry Freedom) Nelson Mandela’s Long Walk to Freedom, Anne Mare du Preez Bezdrob’s Winnie Mandela: A Life (Winnie), and Athol Fugard’s Tsotsi. We also study film classics such as The Voortrekkers as well as transcripts and footages of testimonies from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings.
CLT 271 Writing in Translation: Bilingualism in the Postcolonial Novel
A study of bilingualism as a legacy of colonialism, as an expression of exile, and as a means of political and artistic transformation in recent texts from Africa and the Americas. We consider how such writers as Ngugi wa Thiong’o (Kenya), Assia Djebar (Algeria), Patrick Chamoiseau (Martinique) and Edwidge Danticat (Haiti/U.S.) assess the personal and political consequences of writing in the language of a former colonial power, and how they attempt to capture the esthetic and cultural tensions of bilingualism in their work.
ITL 281 Italian Cinema Looks East
Western cultures have long been fascinated and puzzled by the East, and by China in particular. As critics such as Edward Said have long made clear, from the late medieval period until the 19th century the encounter between the West and China has also been predominantly one-sided. One of the earliest encounters was through the well-documented travels of the Venetian merchant Marco Polo. Seven centuries later, Italian film directors seem to have continued that tradition, and have been among the first Westerners to make full-length films in the People’s Republic of China. By examining Italian films made in China and, more recently, films made in Italy about Chinese immigrants, we will examine changing cultural perceptions about China and how ideological assumptions manipulate cinematic production and experiences.
ENG 309 Seminar: Black Prison Intellectuals
Interrogating theories of intellectualism, among them Antonio Gramsci’s notion of traditional and organic intellectuals, and distinctions between categories of criminal and enemy, this course traces the role of black prison writings in the development of American political and legal theory. From 18th-century black captivity narratives and gallows literature through to the work of 20th- and 21st century thinkers like Malcolm X, Eldridge Cleaver and Angela Davis, this course asks how the incarcerated black intellectual has informed and challenged ideas about nationalism, community and self-formation from the early republic to the present.
CLT 340 Problems in Literary Theory
Topic: Comparative Literature in the Age of Cosmopolitanisms- Anna Botta
The concept of cosmopolitanism has recently gone through a process of democratization. Dismissing the singular “cosmopolitanism” as a form of Eurocentric universalism, critics today study a plurality of cosmopolitanisms, focusing on transnational experiences, both elite and subaltern, Western and non-Western. How can we study comparative literature within this new framework? If the Western canon is no longer setting the standards, what are the new aesthetic values? How can we avoid the pitfalls of both cultural relativism and Orientalism,that is, reading unfamiliar literatures through an exotic lens? Does “World Literature” promote reading in translation at the expense of original languages? Authors may include Appiah, Apter, Casanova, Chakrabarty, Damrosch, Moretti, Nussbaum, Robbins, Said, Coetzee, Maalouf, Naipaul, Pamuk and Zadie Smith. The seminar is required of senior majors. Prerequisites: CLT 300 or permission of the instructor.
CLT 342 A Double Vision: Heroine/Victim
We shall examine how the iconic status of woman as moral redeemer and social path breaker is shadowed by a darker view of female self and sexuality in some representative works by male authors of the Russian 19th century. The primary texts are Pushkin’s Eugene Onegin, Turgenev's On The Eve, Chernyshevsky’s What Is To Be Done?, Dostoevsky’s A Gentle Spirit and Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina and the Kreutzer Sonata. These novelistic narratives are supplemented with theoretical essays by Belinsky, J.S. Mill, Schopenhauer and Vladimir Soloviev.