Professor of Anthropology
Gwendolen Carter Professor of African Studies
|Send Email||Office: Wright Hall 204||Phone: 413-585-3338|
|Office Hours: T Th 2:30–3:30 p.m., and by appointment|
Elliot Fratkin received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania, M. Phil. from the London School of Economics and Political Science and Ph.D. from the Catholic University of America, all in cultural anthropology. His research focuses on life and social change among nomadic pastoralists—people who live and move with their domestic livestock and who are found largely in the arid regions of the world. Much of Fratkin's work focuses on Ariaal pastoralists of northern Kenya. The Ariaal people are a cultural mix of two larger groups, cattle-keeping Samburu and camel-keeping Rendille, and are related to the larger cluster of Maasai peoples of East Africa. Fratkin's initial research focused on Ariaal social organization, cultural ecology and ritual life.
In the 1980s Fratkin turned his attention to issues of development and change, particularly focusing on what happened to Kenyan pastoralists during periods of drought and famine. During that time the Ariaal and Rendille communities became recipients of humanitarian relief from many international organizations, including the Catholic Relief Services, Oxfam, Save the Children and World Vision. One consequence of those changes was a large-scale settling of former pastoralists, particularly poor people who did not have enough livestock to subsist as they had before. In the 1990s, Fratkin participated in a three-year study that examined the health and nutrition effects of the settling of Ariaal and Rendille people. He collaborated with his wife, Marty Nathan, M.D., and Eric Roth, an anthropologist at the University of Victoria, Canada. They found that settled children had higher levels of malnutrition and illnesses than the pastoralists, which they attributed to a lack of milk animals in the settled communities.
In 2002 and 2003, Fratkin served as a consultant with the World Bank Inspection Panel, which was investigating complaints about the building of the Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline. In 2003, he was a U.S. Fulbright Scholar teaching at the University of Asmara, Eritrea, and in 2011–12, he served as a U.S. Fulbright Scholar teaching anthropology at Hawassa University, Ethiopia. In addition, Fratikin has visited pastoral populations in Mongolia, Botswana, Ethiopia and, in 2007, he led a Smith alumnae tour to Mali, visiting the Bambara, Dogon, Fulani and Tuareg people.
Fratkin serves on the steering committee of The Phoebe and John D. Lewis Global Studies Center and Smith's Environmental Science and Policy program. He is a faculty adviser for ES&P, the African studies program and the Five Colleges African studies certificate.
Click here to see Elliot Fratkin's blog about teaching and doing research in Ethiopia.
"Traditional Medicine and Concepts of Healing Among Samburu Pastoralists of Kenya," Journal of Ethnobiology, 1996
"Seeking Alternative Livelihoods in Northern Kenya: Costs and Benefits in Health and Nutrition," paper presented at the International Conference on the Future of Pastoralism, 2011
Laibon: An Anthropologist's Journey with Samburu Diviners in Kenya, AltaMira Press, 2012
As Pastoralists Settle: Social, Health, and Economic Consequences of the Pastoral Sedentarization in Marsabit District, Kenya, Elliot Fratkin and Eric Abella Roth (editors), Springer, 2005